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- Chronic heartburn , known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)—a condition where stomach acid flows into the esophagus, causing a burning sensation in the lower chest
- Prolonged use of a nasogastric tube—a tube that is inserted through the nose to the stomach
- Ingestion of damaging substances, such as household cleaning agents
- Treatment of esophageal varices—enlarged veins in the esophagus
- Injuries caused by an endoscope—a thin, lighted tube used to see inside the body
- Esophageal cancer
- Injuries caused by medications that can irritate the esophagus, such as some medications to treat osteoporosis and some antibiotics
- Difficulty swallowing
- Pain when swallowing
- Unintentional weight loss
- Regurgitation of food—when food flows back from the stomach into the esophagus or mouth
- Images may be taken of your esophagus. This can be done with a barium swallow.
- Your esophagus may be examined. This can be done with endoscopy, which uses a lighted, flexible instrument called an endoscope.
Proton Pump Inhibitors
- See your doctor if you have GERD.
- Avoid ingesting corrosive substances.
American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy http://www.askasge.org
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology http://www.cag-acg.org
Canadian Medical Association Journal http://www.cmaj.ca
Caustic esophageal stricture. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated July 2, 2010. Accessed March 20, 2013.
Oesophageal strictures, webs, and rings. Patient.co.uk website. Available at: http://www.patient.co.uk/doctor/Oesophageal-Strictures-Webs-and-Rings.htm. Updated March 18, 2011. Accessed March 20, 2013.
Understanding esophageal dilation. American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy website. Available at: http://www.asge.org/patients/patients.aspx?id=392 . Accessed March 20, 2013.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 09/2012 -
- Update Date: 03/20/2013 -