- Adenomatous polyps—can become larger over time and may develop into cancer
- Hyperplastic polyps—do not increase in size and only rarely become cancerous
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- Your doctor may need to examine your rectum and colon and waste products. This can be done with:
- You may need to have pictures taken of your colon. This can be done with a barium enemaand x-ray.
- You may need to have tissue samples tested for cancer cells. This can be done with a biopsy.
- Eat a high fiber diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables , and whole grains.
- Reduce the amount of animal fat in your diet. This occurs in beef and other meat products as well as full-fat dairy products.
- Exercise regularly.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Avoid smoking.
- See your doctor for regular screenings after the age of 50.
- More frequent screenings may be needed if polyps are found.
American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons http://www.fascrs.org
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases http://www.niddk.nih.gov
Canadian Digestive Health Foundation http://www.cdhf.ca
The Canadian Association of Gastroenterology http://www.cag-acg.org
Colon polyps. American College of Pathologists website. Available at: http://www.cap.org/apps/docs/reference/myBiopsy/colon%5Fadenomatous%5Fpolyps.pdf. Accessed February 8, 2013.
Kasper DL, Braunwald E, Fauci AS, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine . 16th ed. New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2005.
Polyps of the colon and rectum. American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons website. Available at: http://www.fascrs.org/patients/conditions/polyps%5Fof%5Fthe%5Fcolon%5Fand%5Frectum/. Accessed February 8, 2013.
What I need to know about colon polyps. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/colonpolyps%5Fez/ . Updated April 30, 2012. Accessed February 8, 2013.
2/5/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Kim Y, Kim Y, Lee S. An association between colonic adenoma and abdominal obesity: a cross-sectional study. BMC Gastroenterol. 2009;9:4.
5/11/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Jacobs ET, Ahnen DJ, Ashbeck EL, et al. Association between body mass index and colorectal neoplasia at follow-up colonoscopy: a pooling study. Am J Epidemiol. 2009;169:657-666.
7/6/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Wise LA, Rosenberg L, Palmer JR, Adams-Campbell LL. Anthropometric risk factors for colorectal polyps in African-American women. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008;16:859-868. Epub 2008 Jan 24.
- Reviewer: Mohei Abouzied, MD
- Review Date: 09/2012 -
- Update Date: 02/08/2013 -