(Roundback of the Spine; Congenital Kyphosis; Postural Kyphosis; Scheuermann’s Kyphosis; Hunchback)
- Postural kyphosis—the most common abnormal type and is caused by bad posture
- Congenital kyphosis—a type that is present at birth
- Scheuermann’s kyphosis—a severe type that is genetic, but appears during the teenage years
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- Marfan syndrome or other tissue disease
- Condition that weakens bones, like osteoporosis
- Adolescence for postural or Scheuermann’s
- Elderly with osteoporosis and spine fractures
- Boys for Scheuermann’s kyphosis
- Girls for postural kyphosis
- Seek treatment for any bone diseases like arthritis and osteoporosis.
- Pay attention to your posture and avoid slouching.
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://www.aaos.org/
American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.healthychildren.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org/
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org/
Hu SS, Tribus CB, Tay BK, Bhatia NN. Diagnosis & Treatment in Orthopedics . 4th edition. United States: McGraw-Hill; 2006: Chapter 5. Disorders, Diseases, & Injuries of the Spine.
Kyphosis: bone disorders in children. Merck Manual website. Available at: http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec23/ch278/ch278c.html . Updated February 2008. Accessed January 2, 2013.
Kyphosis (roundback) of the spine. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00423 . Accessed January 2, 2013.
Lowe TG, Line BG. Evidence based medicine: analysis of Scheuermann kyphosis. Spine. 2007;32(19 Suppl):S115-119.
Wenger DR, Frick SL. Scheuermann kyphosis. Spine. 1999;24(24):2630-2639.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 03/2013 -
- Update Date: 00/31/2013 -